Treaties, Conventions and Agreements


Treaties can be referred to by a number of names like international conventions, international agreements, covenants, final acts, charters, protocols, pacts, accords, and constitutions for international organizations. A treaty is the most formal type of agreement between nations. Treaties and conventions are primary sources and one of the important sources of international law.

A treaty is “an agreement formally signed, ratified, or adhered to between two nations or sovereigns; an international agreement concluded between two or more states in written form and governed by international law”. (Black's Law Dictionary, 9th ed. 2009)

Treaties may be bilateral (agreement between two parties) or multilateral (agreement between more than two parties).



This resource guide, prepared by the library staff aims to list useful sources of information on the subject, which are available in JGU Library and elsewhere, both in print and electronic forms. It also includes important links to useful free & open access web resources.

Liaison Librarian
Key terms related to treaties
Sources of General treaties- Multinational, Bilateral and Countries specific treaties
Sources of subject specific treaties
Other tools to find treaties